Direct and indirect composites: the step by step video

In this video article dedicated to the finishing and polishing of composite resin restorations, we will address the “direct & indirect restorations in anterior teeth” and we intend to demonstrate the most important details in the identification of the texture and shape of the natural tooth, the step by step in the making of a natural and suitable texture.

Step by step video on Finishing and Polishing procedures from the shape to the surface polishing.


Finishing and polishing can be considered the last step in the direct restorative process. However, it should be regarded as one of the most important steps, allowing the actual natural integration with the adjacent teeth.
It is essential to obtain a smooth and polished surface of the restoration so that its chromatic stability, and surface state is as durable as possible over time.


Manauta J, Salat A. Layers, An atlas of composite resin stratification. Chapter 10 Surface and polishing Quintessence Books, 2012
Gönülol N1, Yilmaz F. The effects of finishing and polishing techniques on surface roughness and color stability of nanocomposites. J Dent. 2012 Dec;40 Suppl 2:e64-70.
Fahl JR, N. (2011) Mastering Composite Artistry to Create Anterior Masterpieces – Part 2. Journal of Cosmetic Dentistry: 42-55, Winter.
Schmitt VL, Puppin-Rontani RM, Naufel FS, Nahsan FPS, Coelho Sinhoreti MA and Baseggio W. Effect of the Polishing Procedures on Color Stability and Surface Roughness of Composite Resins. ISRN Dent. 2011; 2011: 617672 published online 2011 Jul 11. doi: 10.5402/2011/617672
PMCID: PMC3169916.
Abzal MS, Rathakrishnan M, Prakash V, Vivekanandhan P, Subbiya A, Sukumaran VG Evaluation of surface roughness of three different composite resins with three different polishing systems.J Conserv Dent. 2016 Mar-Apr;19(2):171-4. doi: 10.4103/0972-0707.178703.


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Proximal composite restoration from cavity design to polishing

How to create stunning direct posterior composites, from cavity design to polishing, with exceptional proximal composite restoration technique.
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Bulk flow for Snowplow