Having a nice, aesthetic smile is important in a person’s social life. We dentists have many resources available to correct minor ﬂaws such as white spot lesions, from direct composite, to veneers and crowns. However, these procedures are considered invasive, as they require the clinician to prepare the tooth, thus removing sound tooth structure. In front of my patient with ﬂuorosis white spots, and when the predictability and the longevity of the traditional restorations are considered, it seems obvious to try the most conservative treatment ﬁrst. The chosen treatment included at home external bleaching with carbamide peroxide 10% during 2 weeks and erosion-inﬁltration of the spots. Inﬁltration, though it was initially intended to treat incipient caries, is a great to mask white spots, as it changes the optical properties of the tooth. Indeed, the hypomineralization due to the ﬂuorosis has a refractive index diﬀerent than that of the healthy enamel. Inﬁltration is carried out with a low-viscosity resin, with a refractive index close to that of the healthy enamel. Tissue preservation with this treatment is maximum. The product I used for this erosion-inﬁltration treatment is ICON®(DMG).
Initial appearance of the 35 years old patient. She didn’t like her smile because of the white spots on her central incisors.
Initial front view of her smile.
Starting color shade was identiﬁed with the Vita 3D master Bleach Shade Guide, the best shade guide for whitening for diﬀerent reasons. We choose the most similar sample, 2M1 of the shade guide and we placed it near the patient’s tooth, on the same vertical plane as the natural tooth, and with a black photographic background (Flexipalettes, Smile Line).
Treatment began with at-home bleaching with trays and carbamide peroxyde 10% during 15 nights.
External whitening using thermoformed trays and 10% carbamide peroxide gel increasing the overall brightness of the teeth, acts as masking of small white defects in the enamel.
The result after 15 days bleaching was satisfying for the patient but she still wanted to try to completely eliminate the white spots.
Frontal view after bleaching with retracted lips and black ﬂexipalette (Smileline).
Cross-polarized picture highlighted ﬂuorosis white spots after the two weeks teeth whitening.
As mentioned, the most conservative treatment plan was chosen, so we used an erosion-inﬁltration protocol to carry out with Icon® (DMG).
Rubber-dam isolation and cleaning.
Application of 15 % hydrochloric acid for 2 minutes.
After rinsing (30 seconds) and drying, the result is previsualized thanks to the ethanol solution (30 seconds).The result was satisfying so inﬁltration was possible.
Inﬁltration of hydrophobic resin with a sponge (3 min) and then light-cure inﬁltrant resin for 40 seconds. The inﬁltration step was done twice.
Glycerin application and light-curing.
Finishing and polishing whit brush and two diamond pastes, 3 microns and 1 micron grain.
Polishing with aluminium oxide paste and felt wheel.
Result at the end of the inﬁltration session.
Cross-polarized picture highlighted disappearance of the white spots and enamel details.
Final front view.
Lateral view of her smile 6 months after the Icon treatment.
Frontal view 6 months after treatment.
Frontal view in occlusion 6 years after treatment. No polishing was necessary during this 6 years.
Cross-polarized picture 6 years after Erosion Inﬁltration treatment.
Lateral view of her smile 6 years after treatment.
Frontal view of her smile 6 years after treatment.
Before and after. The patient is now 42 years old, and still likes her smile!!!
The combination of bleaching and resin-inﬁltration treatment represents a very conservative option, with predictable aesthetic result. Six years after the result is still satisfying.
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